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The Brookings Institute has published a new report that details five aspects of poverty, coining the term, multidimensional poverty and analyze household income, education, concentrated spatial poverty, health insurance, and employment—within a large sample of the American population to determine the prevalence of varying issues in the country.

They find that almost 50 percent of the adult population suffers from at least one of the five disadvantages and that almost 25 percent have two or more disadvantages. But importantly, black and Hispanic adults with one disadvantage are more likely than their white peers to have more than one—or many—disadvantages.

The race gaps in multidimensional poverty signal an institutionalized level of disadvantage and oppression that the paper is seeking to highlight. The study focuses on a larger population, and does not discredit to poverty cycles and conditions that white Americans can also face, but the stark contrast in likelihood is worth noting, especially as wealth gaps continue to widen.

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